The COP22 was meant to be the “COP of Action,” but now at the end, we are left to wonder whether it was worthy of this slogan, considering the final decisions that were made.
Hopes were high at the outset of the conference considering the ratification of the Paris Agreement by 110 countries, its quick implementation, and the intention to limit the global temperature rise to below two degrees Celsius. By the end, however, no truly courageous or appropriate political decisions were made, despite the urgency to act. Faced with the impacts of climate change, agriculture and climate financing should have been key areas to reach agreement on.
Development and Peace’s objectives at the COP22 were to monitor negotiations on agriculture and food security as well as on Canada's commitments on climate financing, particularly regarding support for adaptation projects for countries of the Global South.
After a week of negotiations on agriculture and food security, states were unable to agree on the work to be done in this area.
Agriculture did remain front and centre during the COP’s second week, as more than 40 parallel events were held on this theme. A large number of states and private sector stakeholders took part in these discussions. It’s good to see that thanks to the ingenuity of small family farmers, alternatives are proliferating quickly at the grassroots level.
While the ingenuity of small family farmers is plain for all to see, a lack of financial support and the absence of strong public policies threaten to nip their initiatives in the bud. These farmers need financial support and clear public policies so they can continue to develop small family farming that is adapted to climate change.
Even Canada, which has not hesitated to take on a leadership role on other issues, is dragging its feet on adaption. Of the $2.65 billion announced at COP21, less than 30% of committed funds have been earmarked for adaptation projects.
Let’s support small family farmers, there’s still time to act
Not all climate funds have been earmarked yet. It’s more important than ever to sign our petition to tell the Canadian government that an effective fight against climate change requires financial support for small family farming. Canada must support small family farming by:
- Defending safe access to land for small family farmers;
- Providing financial support for agricultural practices that are good for the environment, such as agroecology; and
- Ensuring that small family farmers have a voice in the political decisions that affect them.
The transition to a new agricultural and food system will take place one step at a time and will require financial support from Canada.